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Obstetrics And Gynecology Careers

Career Description

Obstetricians and Gynecologists diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women,  especially those affecting the reproductive system and the process of childbirth.

Common Work Tasks

  • Attempt to prevent, diagnose, and treat general health problems, but focus on ailments specific to the female anatomy
  • Treat and counsel women throughout their pregnancy, from giving prenatal diagnoses to assisting with delivery and providing postpartum care
  • Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients
  • Treat diseases of female organs
  • Monitor patients’ conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary
  • Prescribe or administer therapy, medication, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury
  • Analyze records, reports, test results, or examination information to diagnose medical condition of patient
  • Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical histories, reports, and examination results
  • Advise patients and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention
  • Direct and coordinate activities of nurses,  students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff

Other Job Titles

Obstetricians and Gynecologists are also known by other titles, including:

  • OB/GYNs
  • Surgeons
  • Physicians
  • Internists

Education,  Training, and Experience

Education and Training
Formal education and training requirements for obstetricians and gynecologists include 4 years of undergraduate school, 4 years of medical school, and 3 to 8 years of internship and residency, depending on the specialty selected. A few medical schools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last 6 years rather than the customary 8 years.

Certification and Licensure
All States,  the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories license physicians. To be licensed, physicians must graduate from an accredited medical school, pass a licensing examination, and complete 1 to 7 years of graduate medical education.  Although physicians licensed in one State usually can get a license to practice in another without further examination, some States limit reciprocity.  Graduates of foreign medical schools generally can qualify for licensure after passing an examination and completing a U.S. residency.

  People who wish to become physicians must have a desire to serve patients, be self-motivated, and be able to survive the pressures and long hours of medical education and practice. Physicians also must have a good bedside manner,  emotional stability, and the ability to make decisions in emergencies.  Prospective physicians must be willing to study throughout their career to keep up with medical advances.


The median annual salary for an Obstetrician and Gynecologist is $145,000. Median earnings in the industries employing the largest number of obstetricians and gynecologists are:

  • Offices of Physicians - $190,140
  • General Medical and Surgical Hospitals - $168,750
  • Outpatient Care Centers - $157,200
  • Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools - $79,990
  • Specialty (except Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Hospitals – N/A

Job Outlook

  • 2006-2016 Employment growth:  N/A
  • Number of new jobs created 2006-2016: N/A
  • Employment 2006 : N/A
  • Employment 2016:  N/A
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