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Politics Career

Career Description

Politicians are responsible for running Federal, State, and local governments.

Common Work Tasks

  • Make and pass laws
  • Set goals and then decide how to reach them
  • Hire heads of offices and make budgets
  • Nominate people for other jobs in government
  • Get bids from contractors to do public work,  like building roads
  • Approve budgets and appointments submitted by the chief executive
  • Meet with other politicians, constituents, and lobbyists to solve problems
  • Create political campaigns during election years to influence voters

Other Job Titles

Politicians are also known by other titles, including:

  • Governors
  • Mayors
  • Legislators
  • Congressmen/Congresswomen

Education,  Training, and Experience

Education and Training
 
There is no educational requirement to be a politician. Most politicians have experience in business, education, law, and other fields and have volunteered with social,  political, religious, and other groups.

Experience
   
Being a good speaker and manager is important. Candidates must inspire and motivate voters and their staff. They should be sincere and honest. They also must know how to compromise. In addition, they must have a lot of energy and be good fundraisers.

It is hard for politicians to "advance" in the usual sense. The voter is their boss. If politicians are good at their jobs, they may get elected to the next level of political office. For example, a council member may run for mayor or for a job in the State government. A State legislator may run for governor or for Congress. Not all elected people want to advance and many do not try to. Others do not get re-elected or just leave the occupation. Most politicians serve for only short periods of time.

Salary

The median annual salary for a Politician is $38,000. The top 10 percent earn more than $75,000, and the lowest 10 percent earn less than $12,000.

Job Outlook

  • 2006-2016 Employment growth:  N/A
  • Number of new jobs created 2006-2016: N/A
  • Employment 2006 : 65,000
  • Employment 2016:  N/A

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