Hydrology careers equip professionals, referred to as hydrologists, to basically research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters. They also examine the form and intensity of precipitation. Their job also includes using remote sensing technology and data assimilation. These professionals also help businesses and government agencies comply with the environmental policy.
According to statistics published by the Bureau of Labor, employment for hydrologists is expected to grow by 18% between 2010 and 2020. This is why hydrology careers can lead students to rewarding opportunities. Hydrologists find employment in architectural and engineering services as well as in scientific consulting services and the federal government. Professionals in this field can expect to earn from about $42,000 to $101,000 on an annual basis. The precise salary range depends on the type of job, experience and qualifications of an individual.
Students who want to become hydrologists need to at least earn a bachelor's degree in Hydrology. This qualification can help them find entry level positions in this field. If an individual is keen on finding more rewarding opportunities, he/she must obtain a master’s or a PhD degree in this area of specialization. A bachelor’s degree takes 4 years to complete while a master’s program spans over one to two years. PhD degrees usually take 6-8 years for completion.
Some of the courses students get to cover in these programs include Water's Impact on Climate Change, Water Systems and Their Maintenance for Human Consumption, Industry and Agriculture. Other topics may include Hazardous Material Spread, Water Policy, Geology, Ocean Geography and Research Methods. In advanced programs, students may study topics such as Hydrogeology, Contaminant Transport, Water Resources Engineering and Aqueous Geochemistry.
Students who want to pursue Hydrology careers can also earn their degree online. These programs are more flexible and cost effective compared to regular degrees. This is why students who have personal or professional commitments and cannot attend regular classes can enroll in these programs and become Hydrologists. However, students should make sure that whichever program they plan on enrolling in is properly accredited, so that they are able to avail the best job opportunities in the field.
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